Apr 02, · Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus found throughout the world that infects between 50 to 80 percent of all adults in the United States by the age of CMV is in the same family of viruses that causes cold sores (herpes simplex virus), infectious mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr virus), and chickenpox/shingles (varicella zoster virus). Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common virus. Over half of adults in the U.S. have it in their body by age CMV spreads easily through an infected person’s saliva or other body fluids. It’s related.
A primary CMV infection is the first time that someone contracts CMV. People with a primary CMV infection will have no pre-existing immunity to the virus. Primary CMV infection will impact one to four percent (%) of pregnancies and can result in birth defects and developmental disabilities. In the United States, nearly one in three children are already infected with CMV by age five. Over half of adults have been infected with CMV by age Once CMV is in a person’s body, it stays there for life and can reactivate. A person can also be re-infected with a different strain (variety) of the virus.
CMV remains in the body throughout a lifetime. Infected people may occasionally shed the virus in urine or saliva. Several studies have found that from three to 11 percent of normal adults and up to 50 percent of healthy children shed the virus in either urine or .